To minimize the risk of side effects an individual who has tested positive for COVID-19 should ideally wait 60 days, but a minimum of 45 days, from onset of infection.
If an individual has tested positive for COVID-19 they will likely have some degree of antibody protection for a period of 90 days. This antibody protection is usually for the nuclear capsid portion of the virus and not the spike protein. If vaccinated prior to 90 days post-infection the recipient is more likely to have local and systemic side effects from the vaccine.
It is thought that the more severe the COVID-19 infection the more likely the side effects from the vaccine during this period of time. These side effects may be bothersome but are not likely serious. The vaccine recipient should be aware of the increased risk. We are still early in the vaccination program and more is to be learned.